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Manufacturers Index - Barnes Tool Co.
This page contains information on patents issued to this manufacturer.

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Patent Number Date Title Name City Description
186,099 Jan. 09, 1877 Pipe Tongs and Cutter Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT The patent describes an adjustable tongs with a reversible jaw that has a cutter on one end and a pipe-gripping tooth on the other. The drawings show this piece as curved, and the specifications say it could be curved or straight. Early Barnes Patent Tongs cite this patent; but they actually correspond to Barnes' July 31, 1883 patent (no. 282,256).
M.E. Frog was the first manufacturer, Barnes Tool produced it after 1883.
Barnes also patented and produced a "three-wheel" pipe cutter (see pat. no. 282,435 & subsequent improvements).
219,139 Sep. 02, 1879 Improvement in sawing-machines Elbridge F. Barnes Fair Haven, CT An improvement to Joseph A. Talpey's patent 35,790. This patent date was seen on a hand-powered saw from Barnes Tool Co.
282,256 Jul. 31, 1883 Combined Pipe Tongs and Wrench Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT It resembles Barnes' January 9, 1877 patent (no. 186,099) in many respects. The main body is to be cast in one piece; the reversible jaw has a flat wrench surface on one end and pipe teeth on the other.
Known examples are unmarked or have the January 9, 1877 patent marking (see that patent for more info.) Late 19th Century hardware catalog listings and a 1905 ad for the BARNES tongs shows both patent dates.
282,435 Jul. 31, 1883 Pipe Cutter Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT Three-wheel pipe cutter with the cutters in a cast or malleable frame. The movable jaw is adjusted by a screw. The construction provides ability to cut pipe by a rocking motion of the tool where it is not possible to make a complete rotation of the tool around the pipe. The patent claims the attachment of the adjusting screw to the movable jaw and aspects of the cutter wheels and pivot pins. The cutter wheels and pivot pins were the subject of a second patent (no. 287,899 granted Nov. 6, 1883).
Improved by patent no. 301,080; the tool was produced as the BARNES IMPROVED PIPE CUTTER.
287,899 Nov. 06, 1883 Pipe-cutter Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT The original patent application was divided. See patent no. 282,435 granted July 31, 1883.
The focus of this patent includes the convex face of the cutter wheels, and the tapered pivot pins.
301,080 Jul. 01, 1884 Outside pipe-cutter Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT Modification to the frame in 287,899. The two-piece construction makes it easier to assemble the parts, as the sliding piece with the adjustable cutter can be slid onto the frame, and then the second frame portion with the adjusting screw attached.
BARNES IMPROVED PIPE CUTTER was based on patent no. 282,435 and subsequent improvements.
    Outside pipe-cutter Lorenzo C. Strickland New Haven, CT  
307,163 Oct. 28, 1884 Pipe Tongs or Wrench Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT The distinctive feature of this wrench is the rocking jaw face with the lever on the movable jaw. The adjusting ring turns on teeth segments cut in the corners of the rectangular shank. The Barnes Tool Company marketed this wrench in standard sizes; late 19th Century catalogs show 10 inch, 14 inch and 18 inch sizes.
    Pipe Tongs or Wrench George A. Barnes New Haven, CT  
339,813 Apr. 13, 1886 Wrench John Ryan New York, NY The handle is formed of two sections, one of which contains the socket in which the base of the adjusting screw rests. The handle sections are held together by two sets of "mortise & tenon." This patent was improved by the Ryans' 1892 patent (no. 476,079), and the resulting wrench is marked BARNES TOOL CO. // PAT 1886 IMPR 1892.
    Wrench Patrick Ryan New York, NY  
476,079 May. 31, 1892 Wrench John Ryan New York, NY The patent is an improvement on pat. no. 339,813. The improvement is for firmer connections between the handle portions, and a firmer connection of the adjusting screw to the handle.
The wrench using these patents is marked "BARNES TOOL CO // PAT 1886 IMPR 1892"