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Manufacturers Index - Barnes Tool Co.
Patents
This page contains information on patents issued to this manufacturer.

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USPTO = U.S. Patent Office . Images of the actual patent can be viewed on the U.S. Patent Office web site but a special TIFF viewer must be installed with your browser in order properly work. More information on how to configure your computer to view these patents can be found at TIFF image Viewers for Patent Images.
DATAMP = Directory of American Tool And Machinery Patents . A sister site to VintageMachinery.org with information on patents related to machinery and tools. A much easier user interface than the USPTO's for finding information on machinery patents.

Patent Number Date Title Name City Description
186,099 Jan. 09, 1877 Pipe Tongs and Cutter Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT The patent describes an adjustable tongs with a reversible jaw that has a cutter on one end and a pipe-gripping tooth on the other. The drawings show this piece as curved, and the specifications say it could be curved or straight. Early Barnes Patent Tongs cite this patent; but they actually correspond to Barnes' July 31, 1883 patent (no. 282,256).
M.E. Frog was the first manufacturer, Barnes Tool produced it after 1883.
282,256 Jul. 31, 1883 Combined Pipe Tongs and Wrench Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT It resembles Barnes' January 9, 1877 patent (no. 186,099) in many respects. The main body is to be cast in one piece; the reversible jaw has a flat wrench surface on one end and pipe teeth on the other.
Known examples are unmarked or have the January 9, 1877 patent marking (see that patent for more info.) A 1905 ad for the BARNES tongs shows both patent dates.
307,163 Oct. 28, 1884 Pipe Tongs or Wrench Elbridge F. Barnes New Haven, CT The distinctive feature of this wrench is the rocking jaw face with the lever on the movable jaw. The adjusting ring turns on teeth segments cut in the corners of the rectangular shank. The Barnes Tool Company marketed this wrench in standard sizes; an 1892 catalog shows 10 inch, 14 inch and 18 inch sizes.
    Pipe Tongs or Wrench George A. Barnes New Haven, CT  
339,813 Apr. 13, 1886 Wrench John Ryan New York, NY The handle is formed of two sections, one of which contains the socket in which the base of the adjusting screw rests. The handle sections are held together by two sets of "mortise & tenon." This patent was improved by the Ryans' 1892 patent (no. 476,079), and the resulting wrench is marked BARNES TOOL CO. // PAT 1886 IMPR 1892.
    Wrench Patrick Ryan New York, NY  
476,079 May. 31, 1892 Wrench John Ryan New York, NY The patent is an improvement on pat. no. 339,813. The improvement is for firmer connections between the handle portions, and a firmer connection of the adjusting screw to the handle.
The wrench using these patents is marked "BARNES TOOL CO // PAT 1886 IMPR 1892"